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APA Citation Style Guide (7th ed.): Social Media

Social Media

For further information on citing social media material, see pages 348-350 of the Publication manual of the American Psychological Association, 7th ed., 2020.

Facebook Post

Author, A. (Year, Day of Posting). Content of post up to first 20 words [Type of post]. Facebook. URL 

Brand, R. (2020, February 20). Russell Brand's definition of God [Video]. Facebook.

In Text

Parenthetical citation: (Brand, 2020)

Narrative citation: Brand (2020)

"This format can be used for posts to other social media services, including Tumblr, LinkedIn, and so forth...If a status update includes images, videos, thumbnail links to outside sources, or content from another Facebook post (such as when sharing a link), indicate that is square brackets." (Publication manual of the American Psychological Association, 7th ed., 2020, p. 349).


Author, A. [@username]. (Year, Day of Posting). Content of post up to first 20 words [Tweet]. Twitter. URL 

The New York Times [@nytimes]. (2020, March 5). If nurses aren't safe, then really our community isn't safe [Tweet]. Twitter.

In Text

Parenthetical citation: (New York Times, 2020)

Narrative citation: New York Times (2020)

"If the tweet includes images (including animated gifs), videos, thumbnail links to outside sources, links to other tweets (as in a retweet with comment), or a poll, indicate that in square brackets.  For tweet replies, do not include the "replying to" information; if that is important to note, do so within the in-text citation. .. Replicate emojis if possible." (Publication manual of the American Psychological Association, 7th ed., 2020, p. 349) 


Last name, F. M. or Name of Group [@username]. (Year, Day of posting). Content of the post up to the first 20 words [Type of post]. Instagram. URL

BBC News [@bbcnews]. (2020, February 20). Laughing in the face of war [Video]. Instagram.

In Text

Parenthetical citation: (BBC News, 2020)

Narrative citation: BBC News (2020)


Nicole Schiller Palmisano. (n.d.). LinkedIn [LinkedIn profile]. Retrieved July 19, 2020, from

Provide a retrieval date because the contents of the page can change over time.