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APA Citation Style Guide (7th ed.): Articles

Article Template

Author Date Title Periodical Information DOI or URL
Author, A. A. & Author, B. B. (2020). Title of article. Title of Periodical, 34(2), 5-14. https://doi.org/xxxx
Name of Group. (2020, January).   Title of Periodical, 2(1-2), Article 12. https://xxxxx
  (2020, February 16).   Title of Periodical.  

Article citations include:

 

  • Author or authors. The surname is followed by first initials.
  • Year of publication of the article (in round brackets).
  • Article title.
  • Journal title (in italics).
  • Volume of journal (in italics).
  • Issue number of journal in round brackets (no italics).
  • Page range of article.
  • DOI or URL
  • The first line of each citation is left adjusted. Every subsequent line is indented 5-7 spaces.

 

"When periodical information is missing (e.g., volume number, issue number, page range) is missing, omit it from the reference."

(Publication manual of the American Psychological Association, 7th ed., 2020, p. 316)

For further information on citing articles, see pages 316-321 of the Publication manual of the American Psychological Association, 7th ed., 2020

Journal Article with a DOI

Author, A.A. (year of publication). Title of article. Journal Title, volume(issue number), pp-pp. https://doi.org./xxxxxxx

Pyasik, M., Salatino, A., Burin, D., Berti, A., Ricci, R., & Pia, L. (2019). Shared neurocognitive mechanisms of attenuating self-touch and illusory self-touch. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 14(2), 119-127. https://doi.org/10.1093/scan/nsz002

In Text

Parenthetical citation: (Pyasik et al., 2019)

Narrative citation: Pyasik et al. (2019)

Journal, Magazine, or Newspaper Article without a DOI from an Academic Database or Print Version

Author, A.A. (year of publication). Title of article. Journal Title, volume(issue number), pp-pp.

Venuta, S. (2018). Words that heal and harm: Making wise choices when we talk about mental health. Visions: BC's Mental Health and Substance Use Journal, 14(1), 20.

In Text

Parenthetical citation: (Venuta, 2018)

Narrative citation: Venuta (2018)

Do not include the database name or URL. "Provide database or online archive information in a reference only when it is necessary for readers to retrieve the cited work from that exact database or archive...URLs from databases or library-provided services usually require a login and/or are session specific, meaning they will not be accessible to most readers and are not suitable to include in a reference list." (Publication manual of the American Psychological Association, 7th ed., 2020, p. 317)

Journal Article Without a DOI, With a Non-Database URL

Author, A.A. (year of publication). Title of article. Journal Title, volume(issue number), pp-pp. URL

Akin, D., & Huang, L. M. (2019). Perceptions of college students with disabilities. Journal of Postsecondary Education and Disability, 32(1), 21-33. https://www.ahead.org/professional-resources/publications/jped/archived-jped/jped-volume-32

In Text

Parenthetical citation: (Akin & Huang, 2019)

Narrative citation: Akin and Huang (2019)

Journal Article with 3 to 20 Authors

Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (year of publication). Title of article. Journal Title, volume(issue number), pp-pp. https://doi.org./xxxxxxx

Gurtler, O., Walkowitz, G., & Wiesen, D. (2019). Do good and talk about it! Disclosure and reward of discretionary kindness. Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization, 161(3), 323-342. https://doi.org/10/1061/j.jebo.2019.03.023

In Text

Parenthetical citation: (Gurtler et al., 2019)

Narrative citation: Gurtler et al. (2019)

Include all 20 authors' names, use "&" before the final author's name.

Journal Article with a DOI, 21 or More Authors

Author, A. A., Author, B. B., Author, C. C., Author, D. D., Author, E. E., Author, F. F., Author, G. G., Author, H. H., Author, I. I., Author, J. J., Author, K. K., Author, L. L., Author, M. M., Author, N. N., Author, O. O., Author, P. P., Author, Q. Q., Author, R. R., Author, S. S.,...Author, W. W. (year of publication). Title of article. Journal Title, volume(issue number), pp-pp. https://doi.org/xxxxxxx

 

Wen, J., Long, X., Zheng, X., An, Y., Cai, Z., Cang, J., Che, Y., Chen, C., Chen, L., Chen, Q., Chen, Z., Cheng, Y., Deng, L., Deng, W., Ding, W., Du, H., Duan, L., Gan, Q., Gao, T, Gao, Z.,...Wu, D. (2019). GRID: A student project to monitor the transient gamma-ray sky in the multi-messenger astronomy era. Experimental Astronomy, 48(1), 77-95. https://doi.org?10.1007/s10686-019-09636-w

In Text

Parenthetical citation: (Wen et al., 2019)

Narrative citation: Wen et al. (2019)

Book Review Published in a Journal

Author of the Review. (Date of Publication). Title of article [Review of the book Title of Book Being Reviewed,  by A.A. Author]. Journal Titlevolume(issue number), pp-pp.

Gambone, P. (2019). Intersectional traumas [Review of the book Title On Earth We're Briefly Gorgeous, by O. Vuong]. Gay & Lesbian Review Worldwide, 26(6), 35-36.

In Text

Parenthetical citation: (Gambone, 2019)

Narrative citation: Gambone (2019)

If citing a review of another medium such as a play or a move, change Review of the book to the medium of the item you are reviewing.  e.g. Review of the film ... The citation above is from either a print version of the review or from a research database without a DOI.  If the item has a DOI or a URL add it after the page numbers.

Magazine Article from a Library Database or Print Version

Author, A.A. (Full Date of Publication). Title of article. Magazine Title, volume (issue if available)pp-pp.

Piotrowski, J. (2018, September 29). A load of rubbish. The Economist, 428(9111), S3-S5.

In Text

Parenthetical citation: (Piotrowski, 2018)

Narrative citation: Piotrowski (2018)

Do not include the database name or URL.

Magazine Article with a Non-Database URL

Author, A.A. (Full Date of Publication). Title of article. Magazine Title, volume (issue if available)pp-pp. URL

Novotney, A. (2019, November 1). Better ways to combat anxiety in youth. Monitor on Psychology, 50(11), 20. https://www.apa.org/monitor/2019/12/combat-anxiety

In Text

Parenthetical citation: (Novotney, 2019)

Narrative citation: Novotney (2019)

The volume, issue and page number(s) may or may not be available with online magazines

ERIC Documents not from Journals

ERIC contains some content that was not published in a journal, and is only available by accessing ERIC, such as manuscripts, policy briefs, and similar. The following provides guidance for creating references for those documents. 

Regular journal articles in this database should be cited as a journal article with a DOI or a journal article without a DOI, whichever is relevant.

 

Author, A.A. (year of publication). Title of item (ERIC document number). ERIC.  Item URL

Brewster, C., & Railsback, J. (2002). Full-day kindergarten: Exploring an option for extended learning (ED472733). ERIC. https://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED472733.pdf

In Text

Parenthetical citation: (Brewster & Railsback, 2002)

Narrative citation: Brewster (2002)

Note - you may need to search online for the title of the specific ERIC non-journal document in order to find a workable ERIC url.  If you cannot locate a url on the internet and/or the database does not provide one omit it from your citation.

Canadian Points of View Reference Centre: In-House Documents

The Canadian Points of View database produces some in-house documents, which are not available anywhere else.

Regular journal articles in this database should be cited as a journal article with or without a DOI, whichever is relevant.

 

Author, A.A. (year of publication). Title of item (Accession number). Canadian Points of View Reference Centre.  Item URL if workable

Klassen, J. (2009). Fishing industry: An overview (28674926). Canadian Points of View Reference Centre. 

In Text

Parenthetical citation: (Klassen, 2009)

Narrative citation: Klassen (2009)

Note - add the item URL only if the URL works.   In the above example, the URL was not included as it does not work for all.

CPA Canada Standards and Guidance Collection (CPACHB)

Chartered Professional Accountants Canada. (2012). Public sector accounting handbook highlight summary no. 36.  CPA Canada Standards and Guidance Collection (CPACHB).

In Text

Parenthetical citation: (Chartered Professional Accountants Canada, 2012)

Narrative citation: Chartered Professional Accountants Canada (2012)

Includes the CPA Canada Handbook which replaces the CICA Handbook.

Research Starter Database

Research Starters contains many in-house publications that are not found outside the database, and have an item or accession number at the end of the document.  The APA manual does not provide instructions on how to cite documents like this, so the following was formatted to our best judgement.

Double-check with your instructor to ensure this formatting is acceptable.

 

Author, A.A. (year of publication). Title of item (document number). EDS Research Starters.

Shepherd, J., & Shaughnessy, M. (2015). Procrastination (115297558). EDS Research Starters. 

In Text

Parenthetical citation:  (Shepherd & Shaughnessy, 2015)

Narrative citation: Shepherd & Shaughnessy (2015)

Newspaper Article from a Library Database or Print Version

Author, A.A. (Full Date of Publication). Title of article. Newspaper Title, pp-pp.

Whyte, W. (2018, August 18). Helping: Bear clan. Winnipeg Free Press, F9.

In Text

Parenthetical citation: (Whyte, 2018)

Narrative citation: White (2018)

Do not include the database name or URL.

Newspaper Article with a Non-Database URL

Author, A.A. (Full Date of Publication). Title of article. Newspaper Title. URL

Karmanau, Y. (2020, February 3). Ukraine: Recordings show Iran knew jetliner hit by a missile. Winnipeg Free Press. https://www.winnipegfreepress.com/world/ukraine-recordings-show-iran-knew-jetliner-hit-by-a-missile-567517872.html

In Text

Parenthetical citation: (Karmanau, 2020)

Narrative citation: Karmanau (2020)

Newspaper Article - No Author

New drug appears to sharply cut risk of death from heart failure. (2020, July 15). The National Post, p. A12.

In Text

Parenthetical citation: ("New Drug," 2020)

Narrative citation: "New Drug" (2020)

For the in text citation, use a few words of the title. 

When there is no author for an article, the title moves to the first position of the reference entry followed by a period.