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The Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, Seventh Edition is the official source for APA Style. In addition to providing guidance on grammar, the mechanics of writing, and APA style, this manual offers an authoritative reference and citation system. It also covers the treatment of numbers, statistical and mathematical data, tables and figures.
Welcome to the Douglas College Library guide to APA Citation Style (7th ed.). In these pages, we offer numerous examples of how to cite all types of sources and how to make your in-text citations. We've also included links to other helpful resources and tips on how to keep track of all those articles you've used in your research.
Select the tabs above for examples of the material you wish to cite.
What is New in the 7th ed.
Here are some of the changes in the APA Publication Manual, 7th edition:
APA now provides specific guidelines and examples specifically for student papers. These are different than the guidelines for professional papers
Running heads are no longer requiredfor student papers.
There is only one space after a period (not two) in the body of the paper.
There is now the option to use a wider variety of fonts rather than just Times New Roman 12-point.
For multiple author citations, surnames and initials are now given for up to 20 authors in the reference list(rather than just 7).
For in-text citations, works with three or more authors are shortened to the first author's name and et. al. (right from the first in-text citation).
Publisher locationis no longer included in the citation.
The DOI or URL is hyperlinked. "Retrieved from" is omitted.
Always include the issue number for journal articles.
APA provides more information and examples for how to properly paraphrase.
Includes a wider range of examples including websites, social media, and classroom resources.
The manual includes a sample student paper and guidelines for formatting annotated bibliographies and many sample table and figures.
Check out this short video on how to avoid plagiarism, thanks to the BCIT Library.
Avoiding Plagiarism: Crazy Norwegians
For a humourous look at the pitfalls of taking shortcuts in your research, check out this video from a group of fun-loving Norwegian librarians. Be sure to click on caption selection (cc) for English subtitles.