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APA (7th ed.) Citation Style Guide: Business Sources

General Guidelines

APA does not always provide formatting guidance that "fits" business sources. The formatting guidelines on this page follow the general principles of APA style and the advice from BC ELN’s APA for business sources guide.  The resources listed here are the most commonly used business sources at Douglas College - not an exhaustive list.  For more extensive guidance see the BC ELN guide.

Guidelines in common for the resources listed below:

  • When citing a report or document from a database, provide the URL of the publisher's home page (e.g., Do not provide the direct URL to the report, or the name of the database you retrieved it from, e.g., omit Business Source Ultimate
    • Note, do provide a direct URL when citing reports/documents/articles from public websites, such as company websites.  To see what this looks like, read the Corporate Websites example below.

  • Use only the year in the in-text citation, even if the reference list entry contains a more specific date, such as the month. To see what this looks like, read the MarketLine Reports example.

  • Include [descriptive information] after the title if needed for clarity.  E.g., a generic title such as Market size needs more information to make clear what sort of content it covers. To see what this looks like, read the Euromonitor example.

  • Include the [source type] you used if needed for clarity – usually for non-narrative formats such as datasets, graphs, charts etc.  To see what this looks like, read the Euromonitor example.

MarketLine Company Reports/SWOT Analyses: Business Source Ultimate

Author. (date). Title. URL

MarketLine. (2021, November 10). Company profile: Canadian Tire Corporation, Limited.

In Text

Parenthetical citation: (MarketLine, 2021)

Narrative citation: MarketLine (2021)


Author. (date). Title. Database Name. URL

Statista. (2020, November). Alcoholic drinks report 2020.

In Text

Parenthetical citation: (Statista, 2020)

Narrative citation: Statista (2020)

Omit the Database Name if the author and database name are the same.

Passport Euromonitor

Data Sets

Author. (date). Title [Descriptive information] [Data set]. Database Name. URL

Euromonitor International. (2020). Market sizes [Wine and fine wines/champagne and spirits, Canada, 2014-2019] [Data set]. Passport.

In Text

Parenthetical citation: (Euromonitor International, 2020)

Narrative citation: Euromonitor International (2020)


Author. (date). Title: Subtitle. Database Name. Retrieval date with URL

Euromonitor International. (2019, June). Wine in Germany: Country Report. Passport.

In Text

Parenthetical citation: (Euromonitor International, 2019)

Narrative citation: Euromonitor International (2019)

Corporate Websites

These are generally handled like any other type of website. The following is a basic template for web pages within a company website. For more detailed examples see the Websites tab in this guide.

Name of organization. (Date of posting). Title of webpage. Website Name. URL

Saputo. (n.d.). Governance


In Text

Parenthetical citation: (Saputo, n.d.)

Narrative citation: Saputo (n.d.)

In the example above the Website Name element was omitted as it was the same as the group author.  This is a common occurrence with websites.  When the page has no date, use n.d. to indicate that.

Public Company Filings: Sedar or Edgar

Author. (date). Title. URL

Indigo. (2021). Annual report 2021.

In Text

Parenthetical citation: (Indigo, 2021)

Narrative citations: Indigo (2021)