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MLA (9th ed.) Citation Style: Welcome

MLA Manuals

MLA Handbook

Getting Started

Welcome to the Douglas College Library guide to MLA Citation Style (9th ed.). In these pages, we offer numerous examples of how to cite a variety of sources and how to make your in-text citations. We've also included links to other helpful resources and tips on how to keep track of all those articles you've used in your research.

Select the tabs above for examples of the material you wish to cite.

Changes from the 8th to the 9th edition

9th edition

8th edition

Seasons in publication dates are not capitalized (e.g. fall 2021) Seasons in publication dates capitalized (e.g. Fall 2020)
Include the format of your media source in your reference (e.g. MP3 format)  
For articles from databases with a DOI, write the DOI as a web address (e.g. beginning with  
Film references are listed by title of the film (not name of the director) Could cite films by title or by director (to emphasize the performance of a director)
Film/videos from streaming services do not need a URL but the name of the streaming service should be included (in italics) at the end of the reference  
Includes language around inclusive language: avoid gender-specific terms (e.g. policeman, chairman), use inclusive pronouns (e.g. they instead of him/her), avoid judgmental language (e.g. suffers from, victim of) No specific guidelines around inclusive language or language to avoid.

Avoiding Plagiarism

Check out this short video on how to avoid plagiarism, thanks to the BCIT Library.