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Legal Citation: Pinpoints


"Use a pinpoint to cite to a specific portion of the text.  Reference should be made, where possible, to paragraphs, sections, articles, footnotes, numbers, or any other division that is more precise than the page number.  If there is no such divisions in the source, then refer to the page." (Canadian Guide to Uniform Legal Citation, 9th edition, page E-13)


s 7(2)                        

ss 7(3), 8(3)(c)

Nunavut Act, SC 1993, c 28, s 5(2).





at para 7.

at paras 8, 11.


Examples from a neutral citation

R v Dobson, 2011 BCCA 85 at para 24.

R v Dobson, 2011 BCCA 85 at paras 22-23.

R v Dobson, 2011 BCCA 85 at paras 23, 25.




at 121.

at  722-729.


Examples from a print reporter:

Cory v Marsh (1993), 77 BCLR (2d) 248 at 253.  The case begins on page 248 and we are referring the reader to page 253.

Cory v Marsh (1993), 77 BCLR (2d) 248 at 253-55.


"If you wish to refer to a particular passage in a case, you will need to let the reader know where to find it.  For older cases, you will need to refer to the page number in a printed law report.  Newer cases use paragraph numbers, both in the print law reports and in online versions of the same case.  Be careful when using databases such as Quicklaw ....- especially for older cases; these databases often use their own paragraph numbering systems, which would not be helpful unless the reader was using the same database as you."