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Primary Sources Guide

Introduction to Indigenous Histories

Primary records pertaining to First Nations, Inuit, and Métis histories may be accessed through digital sources, libraries, and archives. Such records might include:

  • English, French and Indigenous language newspapers
  • Memoirs, autobiographies, and testimonies
  • Poetry and artistic work
  • Oral histories
  • Images
  • Governmental records
  • Church records

Please note that not all records pertaining to First Nations communities are freely available to the general public. Refer to the First Nations Information Governance Centre's First Nations Principles of OCAP to learn more about principles for collecting, protecting, sharing, and using First Nations data in your research.

Additional Guides and Resources

Digital Newspapers and More

Finding Primary Sources at Douglas College Library

Some sources are available in print, DVD, or audio formats through Douglas College Library catalogue (note: these sources will be reprints of original documents):

Start with a KEYWORD search on your topic selecting keyword(s) and combine it with one of the following terms, using the word "AND":

  • Correspondence
  • Letters
  • Personal narratives
  • Interviews


EXAMPLE: indigenous AND personal narratives



You can also use Advanced Search.

Image credit:  Thomas Hawk

Selected Sources from Douglas College Library