An annotated bibliography is a bibliography that provides descriptive and/or evaluative comments after each citation. An “annotation” can explain, critique, and link the sources listed in the bibliography, with the length of the annotation depending on assignment instructions and source contents.
A descriptive annotated bibliography provides a summary of the source’s main points and an outline of how it came to those points.
The short paragraph provided by Harubang Antiques provides pertinent information about the history of the Korean amulet key-holder. It explains the accessory as a happiness charm and gives vivid details as well as a photo of an amulet. It also provides a short description of how the amulet was used and how those purposes later changed.
An analytical or critical bibliography provides a critique of the source’s strengths and weaknesses as well as the author’s authority in the specific field and how the source might relate to your own essay.
This website provides no references as to how the information about the Korean amulet Key-Holder was gathered. Although research available on the amulet is very limited, this site does provide a phone number where those interested can question Harubang Antique’s information. The lack of research on the amulet makes this site an essential component of this paper because of its short but detailed descriptions of the amulet’s various uses.
A combination annotated bibliography is the most common annotated bibliography. As with the descriptive annotation, it describes the source, but it also critiques the contents of the source similarly to an analytical annotation.
The short paragraph provided by Harubang Antiques provides information about the history of the Korean Amulet Key-Holder that few resources found in research engines provide. Although it explains the accessory as a happiness charm, Harubang Antiques may not be the most credible source available. Harubang seems to be a reputable antiques dealer, but their information is not cited.
Source for example (in APA style): Harubang Antiques. (2015). A very rare and fine set of amulet, key-holder. Retrieved from www.trocadero.com/harubang/items/684153/item684153.html
To begin preparing an annotated bibliography, find the main points of your source.
How to identify the main argument(s) of the source:
Once you have found the main arguments of your source, ask yourself questions to prepare to write your annotated bibliography:
After reading or skimming through your resource for its main points, read through the following section to see if you have what an annotated bibliography needs.
Depending on your assignment instructions, you can be writing a descriptive, analytical or combination annotated bibliography, so make sure you include what is necessary for your assignment. Every annotated bibliography needs to be accompanied by a complete bibliographic citation based on the style asked for in your assignment instructions.
Depending on the type of annotated bibliography, it may include:
Your annotation will depend on the style of citation your professor asks for, e.g.: MLA, APA, or Chicago style. Remember, an annotated bibliography is also double spaced like the citation.
A “Hanging Indent” is when the first line begins at the left margin but subsequent lines are indented towards the right. To automatically format hanging indents using Microsoft Word, follow these steps:
This should indent the highlighted portion of your writing.
Every style (MLA, APA, Chicago, etc.) has a specific format required for the annotated bibliography. For example, APA requires the list to be titled "References" while MLA uses "Works Cited."
For more detailed information on how to format the annotated bibliography, consult the appropriate style guide (e.g. APA, MLA, Chicago). Your best resource for more information about these formats in the reference librarian in the college library.
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