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MLA (8th ed.) Citation Style Guide: Other Sources

Core Elements Format

The MLA 8th ed. does not provide rules for citing specific types of resources.  They provide a universal set of guidelines for any type of material based based on the core elements.  The examples provided in this libguide were created by a Douglas College librarian and follow this format.

Interviews Conducted by Yourself

Last Name, First Name of the person interviewed. Personal Interview. Interview Date.


Rewniak, Christopher. Personal Interview. 4 June 2017.




"Personal interviews refer to those interviews that you conduct yourself. List the interview by the name of the interviewee. Include the descriptor Personal interview and the date of the interview." (Purdue Online Writing Lab).


Name of Organization/Author. Title of Pamphlet. Publisher, Publication Date. Pamphlet.


Not Everyone Has a Home. National Coalition for the Homeless. Pamphlet.


(Not Everyone)


"When an organization is both author and publisher, begin the entry with the work's title, skipping the author element, and list the organization only as publisher." (MLA Handbook, 8th ed, p. 104)

Often pamphlets do not provide publication dates.  Do not include n.d. as was done in the past.

MLA states "If the source is an unexpected type of work, you may identify the type with a descriptive term.  For instance, if you studied a radio broadcast by reading its transcript, the term Transcript will indicate that you did not listen to the broadcast. (MLA Handbook, 8th ed., p. 52).  In the example above Pamphlet is used to indicate the publication type.


Selig, Pauline. "Re: Knowledge topics." Received by Russell Moore, 22 July 2016.




"When you document an e-mail message, use its subject as the title.  The subject is enclosed in quotation marks and its capitalization standardized." (MLA Handbook, 8th ed., p. 29)



@persiankiwi. "We have report of large street battles in east & west of Tehran now - #Iranelection." Twitter, 23 June 2009, 11:15 a.m.,




“Pseudonyms, including online usernames, are mostly given like regular author names.” MLA Handbook, 8th ed., p. 24)