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MLA Style (8th Ed.): Audiovisual Material

Core Elements Format

The MLA 8th ed. does not provide rules for citing specific types of resources.  They provide a universal set of guidelines for any type of material based based on the core elements.  The examples provided in this libguide were created by a Douglas College librarian and follow this format.

Film, DVD, Video

Title of Film. Directed by Director's First Name Last Name. Performance(s) by

Actor(s) Name(s). Title of Production Company, Release Date.

(It is optional to include performers)

 

To cite the film:

The Grand Budapest Hotel. Directed by Wes Anderson. Performance by Ralph

Fiennes, Twentieth Century Fox Home Entertainment, 2014.

In-Text

(Grand Budapest 01:18:29-49)

"If you are writing about a film or television series without focusing on an individual's contribution, begin with the title.  You can include information about the director and other key participants in the position of other contributors."  (MLA Handbook, 8th ed., p. 24)

(It is optional to include performers)

For audio visual material which is time-based, “cite the relevant time or range of times.  Give the numbers of the hours, minutes, and seconds as displayed in your media player, separating the numbers with colons.” (MLA Handbook, 8th ed., p. 57)

 

To emphasize the performance of an director:

Moore, Michael, director. Bowling for Columbine. Alliance Atlantis, 2003.

MLA allows the writer to emphasize the focus of particular people responsible for a work.  "If your discussion of such a work focuses on the contribution of a particular person - say, the performance of an actor or the ideas of the screenwriter - begin the entry with his or her name, followed by a descriptive label." (MLA Handbook, 8th ed., p. 24)

Streaming Video From a Website, YouTube etc.

Author's Last Name, First Name or Username if real name not provided.

"Title of Video." Title of Website, Publication Date, URL. Date

Accessed.

 

Griggs, Ben. "A Day in the Life of a Librarian." YouTube, 1 Oct. 2013,

www.youtube.com/watch?v=Mcn-B7X7HwQ. Accessed 9 Oct. 2017.

 

In-Text

(Griggs 00:02:26-27)

"For works in time-based media, such as audio and video recordings, cite the relevant time or range of times.  Give the numbers of the hours, minutes, and seconds as displayed in your media player, separating the numbers with colons." (MLA 8th ed., p. 57)

Streaming Video (Films on Demand)

"Title of Film." Production Company/Publisher, Publication Date.

Title of Database, URL. Date Accessed.

 

"The Long Shadow: Treasures of Ancient Greece." BBC Worldwide, 2015,

Films on Demand, 0-fod-infobase-com.orca.douglascollege.ca/p_

ViewVideo.aspx?xtid=95225. Accessed 25 Jan. 2017.

In-Text

("Long Shadow" 00:17:44-58)

 

Music - Sound Recordings

Artist's Last Name, First Name or Band Name. Title of Album. Publisher of

Recording, Publication Date.

CD

Tragically Hip. Road Apples. MCA Records, 1991.

 

Song on a CD

Cohen, Leonard. "Jazz Police." I'm Your Man. Columbia, 1988.

You can include information about other key participants in the position of other contributors."  (MLA Handbook, 8th ed., p. 24)

Photograph (Web)

Last Name, First Name of photographer. "Title of Image/Photograph." Title of

Website, Publication Date, URL. Date Accessed.

 

Dobbs, Charles. "Zabriskie Point Sunset." FineArtAmerica, 7 Apr. 2016,

fineartamerica.com/featured/zabriskie-point-sunset-charles-

dobbs.html. Accessed 16 Dec. 2016.

In-Text

(Dobbs)

Podcast

Creator/Host's Last Name, First Name. "Title of Podcast Episode."

Title of Podcast Series, Episode Number if Given,

Publisher of the Website if Different From Podcast Title,

Publication Date of Episode, URL. Date Accessed.

 

Kennedy, Paul. "Hope Within Horror: Marina Nemat." Ideas,

CBC/Radio-Canada, 6 Dec. 2016, www.cbc.ca/radio/ideas/

hope-within-horror-marina-

nemat-1.3470823. Accessed 12 Dec. 2016.

 

In-Text

(Kennedy 00:14:11-47)