Understanding and Using Statistics for Criminology and Criminal Justice shows students how to critically examine the use and interpretation of statistics, covering not only the basics but also the essential probabilistic statistics that students will need in their future careers. Taking a conceptual approach, this unique text introduces students to the mindset of statistical thinking. It presents formulas in a step-by-step manner; explains the techniques using detailed, real-world examples; and encourages students to become insightful consumers of research.
In this book, Carrie L. Buist and Emily Lenning reflect on the origins of Queer Criminology, survey the foundational research and scholarship in this emerging field, and offer suggestions for the future. Covering topics such as the criminalization of queerness; the policing of Queer communities; Queer experiences in the courtroom; and the correctional control of Queer people, Queer Criminology synthesizes the work of criminologists, journalists, legal scholars, non-governmental organizations, and others to illuminate the historical and contemporary context of the Queer experience.
What is criminology? -- Crime statistics -- Patterns of crime -- Victimology: the study of the victim -- Classical and neoclassical thought -- Biological roots of behaviour -- Psychological and psychiatric foundations of criminal behaviour -- The meaning of crime : social structure perspective -- The meaning of crime : social process perspective -- The meaning of crime : social conflict perspective -- Criminology and social policy -- Future directions and emerging trends.
In our attempts to understand crime, researchers typically focus on proximate factors such as the psychology of offenders, their developmental history, and the social structure in which they are embedded. While these factors are important, they don't tell the whole story. Evolutionary Criminology: Towards a Comprehensive Explanation of Crime explores how evolutionary biology adds to our understanding of why crime is committed, by whom, and our response to norm violations. This understanding is important both for a better understanding of what precipitates crime and to guide approaches for effectively managing criminal behaviour.
The Nurture Versus Biosocial Debate in Criminology: On the Origins of Criminal Behavior and Criminality takes a contemporary approach to address the sociological and the biological positions of human behavior by allowing preeminent scholars in criminology to speak to the effects of each on a range of topics. Kevin M. Beaver, J.C. Barnes, and Brian B. Boutwell aim to facilitate an open and honest debate between the more traditional criminologists who focus primarily on environmental factors and contemporary biosocial criminologists who examine the interplay between biology/genetics and environmental factors.
In the 21st century, "we are all becoming visible...in that other, parallel world of electronic records, databases, video films, and computer memories," says Professor David Canter. "Criminals who would've been hidden in the past are also becoming visible in this virtual world-provided we know how to look for them." In this program, Canter addresses the use of data mining to track the virtual and real-world movements of criminals. Case studies include the following: Simon Wadland of Northamptonshire, who, using only his telephone, terrified 11 women into mutilating themselves and was snared by his phone records; Londoner Edgar Pearce (the Mardi Gra Bomber), a terroristic extortionist who was tripped up through a sting involving a huge surveillance campaign; and Gary Ridgway (the Green River Killer)-convicted of murdering 49 women and girls in Washington State-who was apprehended with assistance from the HITS crime database.
Prior to the passage of the Adoption and Safe Families Act, foster care drift posed unique challenges for kids in the child welfare system. This program follows DeLena Hodges who entered that system at age 4 after a case history of parental neglect. By age 14 she was pregnant; by 15 she had lived in 20 different foster homes, before finding a stable, loving environment in the home of foster parent Cathy Brown. While it seemed she was a picture of success, DeLena was still a teenager facing challenges few people could understand - so when she forged two checks in the name of the foster mother she loved, everyone was shocked.
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