Skip to main content
Douglas College Library Books & DVDs Articles & Databases Research Help & Guides Services Faculty

APA Citation Style Guide (6th ed.): Paper Format/Guidelines

Useful Links

Tips for Writing the Reference List

Start the reference list on a new page. Type the word References (or Reference, if there is only one), centered, at the top of the page. The reference list is double-spaced both between and within entries; entries have a hanging indent.

For each reference, the first line is typed flush with the left margin, and any additional lines are indented as a group a few spaces to the right of the left margin. This is called a hanging indent.

e.g.     Author, A. A. (publication year). Title of work: Subtitle of work. Place of

                 publication: Publisher.

Entries in a reference list should appear in alphabetical order by the author's last name, or by the first significant word in the title, if there is no author.  Words such as "The", "An" or "A" at the beginning of the title should be ignored, but not omitted, when alphabetizing the reference list.

When references have the same author(s), list them by year of publication, the earliest first.  References with the same author and year of publication are arranged alphabetically by title (excluding A or The). (Publication manual, 2010, p. 182)

Use n.d. in parentheses when no date is provided. (Publication manual, 2010, p. 185)

General Rules

Capitalize the first word in the title, the first word in the subtitle and all proper nouns. (Publication manual, 2010, p. 202)

Annotated Bibliographies

An annotated bibliography is a list of citations of books, articles, and other sources, along with an evaluative summary (usually a few sentences) that you have written for each. The summary offers critical analysis of the source and your reasons for selecting it for your research.

For more details on how to write such a summary and how to format the list, see the excellent How to Prepare an Annotated Bibliography from Cornell University, and the Annotated Bibliographies page from the OWL at Purdue.