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APA Citation Style Guide (6th ed.): Further Examples

PowerPoint Presentation

Roberts, J. (2007, March 17). Cultural traditions of Ukrainian Canadians.

PowerPoint presentation at a HIST 2209 lecture at Douglas College,

New Westminster, BC.

In Text

(Roberts, 2007)

For information on how to acknowledge your sources according to APA Style in an in-class presentation, see:

PowerPoint Presentation - Notes and Slides

Hertzman, C. (2008). Aboriginal ECD in BC [PowerPoint Slides]. Retrieved



In Text

(Hertzman, 2008)



Personal communications and Unpublished Material

Personal interviews, email messages, letters, memos, telephone conversations etc. do not provide recoverable data and are not included in the reference list.  Cite personal communications in text only, including as exact a date as possible.


B. Mah (personal communication, April 24, 2008) stated that ….


Research and Training Center on Independent Living. (1993). Guidelines for

reporting and writing about people with disabilities (4th ed. ) [Brochure].

Lawrence, KS: Author.

In Text

(Research and Training Center on Independent Living, 1993)


Adrenaline: A fragrance for men from Adidas [Advertisement].

(2004, November 8). Sports Illustrated, 101(18), 2.

When a work has no author, cite in text the first few words of the reference list entry (usually the title) and the year.  Use double quotation marks around the title of an article, a chapter, or a web page.  Italicize the title of a periodical, a book, a brochure, or a report. (Publication manual, 2010, p. 176)

In Text

(“Adrenaline”, 2004)

Map, Online

Lewis County Geographic Information Services (Cartographer). (2002).

Population density, 2000 U.S. Census [Demographic map]. Retrieved


In Text

(Lewis County Geographic Information Services, 2002)


Oliver, D. B. (Photographer). (2009). Firefighter. [Digital Image].

Retrieved from


In Text

(Oliver, 2009)

Photographs, No Author or Title

New Zealand flag [Digital Image]. (2006). Retrieved from

In Text

(“New Zealand flag”, 2006) 

Many images found on the Internet do not provide a title or the author/creator of the work.  Sometimes this information can be found by clicking on the image or looking at the bottom of the photograph.

Course Packs, Basic Format

Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (year of publication). Title of document. In A.

Instructor (Ed.), Course number: Course title (pp. xxx-xxx). Campus, BC:

Douglas College Bookstore. (Reprinted from Title of journal, volume

(issue), page numbers).

Course packs are collections of materials that instructors compile from many sources. Treat the items in your course pack like articles or chapters in an edited book that are reprinted from another source. Use the name of the instructor as the editor. If the instructor's name is not given, use the department as editor. Use the bookstore as the publisher and the date the course pack was issued as the date of publication. If there is no date of issue, use the current semester and year for the date of publication.

Note- The APA manual does not provide instructions on how to cite course packs.  The above is just one possible format to follow.  You need to use your own judgment.  We suggest that you check with your instructor first.


Course Pack

Collins, D. (2006). Legally speaking: Risk management in obstetrics and

gynecology. In S.Kaye (Ed.), NURS 3130: Professional growth, nursing

ethics course pack (pp.5-8). New Westminster, BC: Douglas College

Bookstore. (Reprinted from Contemporary OB/GYN, 51(11), 38-42).

In Text

(Collins, 2006)

Course Pack – Individual Title/Page within a Course Pack Unit or Appendix

Philosophical foundations, curriculum concepts and themes. (n.d) In L. Kirk

(Ed.). (2012), NURS 1130: Professional growth I (pp. 95-96). Coquitlam,

BC: Douglas College Bookstore.

In Text

(“Philosophical Foundations”, n.d.)

Course Pack – Whole Appendix

Appendix 2: Curriculum framework glossary of terms (2008-2009) In L. Kirk

(Ed.) (2012), NURS 1130: Professional growth I (pp. 144-153). Coquitlam,

BC: Douglas College Bookstore.

In Text

(“Appendix 2: Curriculum framework”, 2008-2009)

Class Handout

Wren, B. (2012). Cellular membrane [Class handout]. Department of Biology,

Douglas College, Coquitlam, Canada.

In Text

(Wren, 2012)

Tables and Figures

Note. Adapted from “Sampling and Recruitment in Studies of Cultural Influences on Adjustment: A Case Study With Mexican Americans,” by M.W. Roosa, F.F. Liu, M. Torres, N.A. Gonzales, G.P. Knight, and D. Saenz, 2008, Journal of Family Psychology, 22, p. 300. Copyright 2008 by the American Psychological Association.


If you use a table or figure from another source, then you must acknowledge this original source in a note placed underneath the table or figure within the text of your paper. 

Include the word Note. before your citation. 

The format for citations placed underneath tables and figures is different to those used for the reference list.

For further information, refer to the APA Publication Manual, Chapter 5, pp. 125-167.