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APA Citation Style Guide (6th ed.): Books

Book, Basic Format

Author, A. A. (publication year). Title of work: Subtitle of work. Place of

publication: Publisher.

Capitalize the first word in the title, the first word in the subtitle and all proper nouns. (Publication manual, 2010, p. 202)

Book, Single Author

Keeler, R.  (2008). Natural playscapes: Creating outdoor play environments for

the soul. Redmond, WA: Exchange Press.

Provide the location (city and state/province) where the publisher is located.  If the publisher is a university and the name of the state or province is included in the university name, do not repeat the name in the publisher location. (Publication manual, 2010, pp. 186-187)



(Keeler, 2008)

(Keeler, 2008, p. 89) – when quoting

Book, Organization as Author

American Psychiatric Association. (2000). Diagnostic and statistical manual

of mental disorders (4th ed.). Washington, DC: Author.

In Text

(American Psychiatric Association, 2000) for the first citation than abbreviate to (APA, 2000) for subsequent citations. (Publication manual, 2010, p. 177)

Book, Multiple Authors

Adovasio, J. M., Soffer, O., & Page, J. (2007). The invisible sex: Uncovering

the roles of women in prehistory. New York, NY: Smithsonian Books.

Invert all author’s names: give surnames and initials for up to and including seven authors.  When authors number eight or more, include the first six author’s names, then insert three ellipses, and add the last author’s name. (Publication manual, 2010, p. 184)


(Adavasio, Soffer, & Page, 2007) for the first citation.  For subsequent citations use (Adavasio et al., 2007)

Book, No Author

Merriam-Webster's collegiate dictionary (10th ed.). (1993). Springfield, MA:


In Text

(Merriam-Webster’s Collegiate Dictionary, 1993)

When a work has no author, cite in text the first few words of the reference list entry (usually the title) and the year.  Use double quotation marks around the title of an article, a chapter, or a web page.  Italicize the title of a periodical, a book, a brochure, or a report. (Publication manual, 2010, p. 176)

Book, One Editor

Newby, G. (Ed.). (2002). Concise encyclopedia of Islam. Oxford, England:


In Text

(Newby, 2002)

Book, Two or More Editors

Hunt, R. R., & Ellis, H. C. (Eds.). (1999). Fundamentals of cognitive

psychology. Toronto, ON: McGraw-Hill College.

In Text

(Hunt & Ellis, 1999)

Book, Canadian Adaptation of an American Edition

LoBiondo-Wood, G., & Haber, J. (Eds.). (2013). Nursing research in Canada:

Methods, critical appraisal, and utilization (3rd Cdn. ed.)  (C. Cameron &

M. D. Singh, Cdn. Adapt.). Toronto, ON: Elsevier Canada.

In Text

(LoBiondo-Wood & Haber, 2013)

Book, Published in a Second or Subsequent Edition

Kirszner, L., & Mandell, S. (2000). The pocket Holt handbook (5th ed.). Fort

Worth, TX: Harcourt Brace College Publishers.

In Text

(Kirszner & Mandell, 2000)

Customized Textbook

Chang, T. (Ed.). (2014). CRIM 2251: Psychological explanations of crime

(Douglas College ed.). Boston, MA: Pearson.


In Text

(Chang, 2014)

Note: T. Chang is the instructor of the course.  She compiled the customized textbook and is considered the editor.

Book, Electronic Version of Print Book with DOI

Schiraldi, G. R. (2001). The post-traumatic stress disorder sourcebook: A

guide to healing, recovery, and growth [Adobe Digital Editions version].


In Text

(Schiraldi, 2001)

The e-reader book type is put in square brackets (e.g. Kindle, Adobe Digital Editions, EPub, HTML). If the book was read or acquired through an online library (e.g., Google Books, ebrary, NetLibrary, MyiLibrary) and not on an e-reader device, omit the bracketed information from the reference. (APA Style Blog,


Book, Electronic Version of Print Book without DOI

Barrett, L. (2011). Beyond the brain: How body and environment shape

animal and human minds. Retrieved from


In Text

(Barrett, 2011)

Book, Electronic Version of Republished Book

Freud, S. (1953). The method of interpreting dreams: An analysis of a

specimen dream. In J. Strachey (Ed. & Trans.), The standard edition of

the complete psychological works of Sigmund Freud (Vol. 4, pp. 96-121).

Retrieved from (Original work published 1900)

In Text

(Freud, 1953)

Book, Electronic-only Book

Gettman, D. (n.d.). The twinkle theory. Retrieved from

In Text

(Gettman, n.d.)